Sprains & Fractures
While a fracture is simply a broken bone, a sprain refers to a stretched or torn tendon or ligament. Common sports-related sprains, strains and spasms affecting muscles, ligaments, tendons often involve the hip, knee, foot, ankle, or Achilles.
Rotator Cuff Injuries
The term rotator cuff refers to a group of muscles and tendons surrounding the shoulder joint, keeping the top of the upper arm bone firmly within the shallow socket of the shoulder. A rotator cuff injury can cause a dull ache in the shoulder, which often worsens with use of the arm away from the body. Rotator cuff injuries are common and increase with age. Many people with a rotator cuff injury can manage their symptoms and return to activities with physical therapy exercises that improve flexibility and strength of the muscles surrounding the shoulder joint.
Also called “tennis elbow” and other sports-related euphemisms, tendinitis is the term for inflammation or irritation of a tendon. The condition causes pain and tenderness near the joints and is most common around heels, wrists, knees, and shoulders.
ConcussionsThe brain rests inside the skull surrounded by fluid. When the head takes a direct or indirect blow, the brain may shake or move inside its fluid environment causing a concussion. A concussion damages brain cells causing chemical changes in the brain. Symptoms may include confusion, memory loss, problems concentration, and headaches. Symptoms may take hours or days to manifest. It is critical that athletes and others with a concussion do not return to the root activity until medical attention is sought and guidance issued.